The maxim was discussed in Shri. Stevie M. Marak & 2 Ors vs. Ghadc & Ors, in which the Meghalaya Supreme Court stated that «the expression `adjourn sine die` in popular parliamentary practice means the end of a session of the House without a specific date being set for the next session.» They adjourned the case sine die because things had been mishandled in the first place. When Americans go to federal elections every two years, they`re not just voting for people who go to Congress. They elect a specific congress that lasts two years. In 2013 and 2014, the 113th U.S. Congress passed legislation. For 2015 and 2016, the 114th US Congress will be in office. Each congress consists of two «annual sessions», which today last approximately the length of the calendar year.
As a general rule, the adjournment closes each annual part-session. A court can also adjourn a case indefinitely, which means that the case is suspended until further notice. In the event of such an adjournment, the trial is open indefinitely and could theoretically resume if the situation changes.  For example, an indefinite trial may be adjourned if there is no possibility of continuing for the foreseeable future, for example if the defendant is in prison and unable to attend a trial. [ref. needed] If a case is initiated with an incorrect procedure, the judge may adjourn the case indefinitely so that the party can re-elect the application with the appropriate procedure. Indefinitely. If a case has been adjourned, no date has been set for prosecution. (This term is Latin.) A legislative body adjourns when it adjourns without specifying the day on which it may reappear or meet. While many laws may seem gibberish to non-lawyers (and even to many lawyers), «sine die» is not.
It is Latin for «without a day». The term is used to describe an adjournment when the date of the recall is not specified when Congress intends to leave the city for the last time in a year. The announcement sine die (from the Latin «without day») is the conclusion of a meeting by a consultative assembly, such as a legislature or an organizing council, without setting a day for the new convocation.  The Assembly may reconvene either in its present form or in a newly constituted form if existing laws and regulations so provide. Otherwise, the adjournment effectively dissolves the Assembly.  A postponement also affects the legislative process because it marks the beginning of a pause, meaning that the president can use his constitutional authority to fill vacancies in the executive and legislative branches while Congress has left Washington. It may not sound remarkable, but the postponement of the Sinus played an important role in a U.S. Supreme Court case that was decided in 2014. In January 2012, President Barack Obama made a series of «recess» appointments while the Senate was technically still in session, in so-called «pro forma» sessions, in which a president briefly calls the panel to order and then immediately dismisses it, usually without doing business. The court ruled unanimously against the president, treating the pro forma sessions as actual sessions of the Senate.
Under this apparent unanimity, there was disagreement among the judges. The majority believed that the Speaker could make appointments during any parliamentary recess. On the other hand, a group of concurring judges argued that they could only make appointments during a specific, strictly defined break, that is, the break between two sessions of Congress following the adjournment. If the concurring justices had received one more vote for their position, the postponement would have been more important in American politics, as it would have been the only time the president could have used his power of appointment on pause. Some state lawmakers mark the postponement sine with a ceremony. In the Florida legislature, sergeants-at-arms of the Florida Senate and Florida House of Representatives come out of their chambers with a handkerchief each. When they meet between the chambers, the two drop the handkerchiefs, which means the end of the Parliament.   These sample sentences are automatically selected from various online information sources to reflect the current use of the word «sine die». The views expressed in the examples do not represent the views of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us your feedback.
In Chhabildas Mehta, M.L.A. and Ors. Vs. The Legislative Assembly, the Supreme Court of Gujarat, noted: «The Speaker may adjourn any session of the House sine die or on a specified day and time or part of the same day as he may designate without discussion or vote: provided that the President, if he deems it appropriate, one session of the House before the date or time, to which it has been adjourned, or may be convened at any time thereafter. The House was adjourned sine die. Today, the length of the break after adjournment is not much different from a break after an adjournment on a specific day (when Congress sets a specific date for return). In previous years, Congress met only a few months a year, and a break after an adjournment could last for months. In current practice, Congress often meets in Washington for much of December and even until Christmas Eve in rare circumstances. The break could therefore only last a week or two, which is much shorter than the traditional August break. The United States Congress usually adjourns a session sine die on the morning of January 3, immediately before the next session holds its first session mandated by the Constitution. It may also be adjourned at other times by a concurrent resolution authorizing the Speaker of the House of Representatives and the Senate Majority Leader to resume the session.  Sine die means when something has no specific date or period to resume.
The term is used when the resumption date is not defined to characterize an adjournment. A legislative body adjourns sine die if it adjourns for the next session or process without specifying a day. Such postponement has the decisive disadvantage of not making the dispute final; The action remains there, as if it were postponed indefinitely. In some cases, however, a court adjourns sine die but revows the case under certain conditions, such as seven days` notice. The postponement has several implications for the legislative process. When a Congress expires, all pending laws accompany it. So, if this happens at the end of a congress, a postponement of the sine die effectively ends the examination of laws that have not yet been adopted. Theoretically, Congress could be reconvened before its term expired, and the remaining bills could be considered; However, such special sessions are extremely rare – there was one in 1939 – and Congress would likely deal only with laws that affect the circumstances that ordered their return.